By Elly van Gelderen
This creation presents a full of life and obviously written textbook. It introduces easy ideas of grammar in a structure which encourages the reader to exploit linguistic arguments. the fashion of the e-book is enticing and examples from poetry, jokes, and puns illustrate grammatical concepts.The concentration is on syntactic research and facts. although, targeted subject sections give a contribution sociolinguistic and historic purposes in the back of prescriptive ideas comparable to the bans on cut up infinitives, dangling participles, and preposition stranding.The ebook is established for a semester-long path. It presents routines, keys to these routines, and pattern tests. it is usually a entire thesaurus and recommendations for extra studying.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Grammar of English: Syntactic Arguments and Socio-historical Backgrounds
28. Bor’s food was eaten by Pim. In (27), their and my specify whose kangaroo and whose food it was, and in (28) the possessive noun Bor’s speciﬁes whose food was eaten. Determiners as in (27) and (28) precede nouns just like adjectives, but whereas a determiner points out which entity is meant (it speciﬁes), an adjective describes the quality (it modiﬁes). When both a determiner and an adjective precede a noun, the determiner always precedes the adjective, as in (29), and not the other way round, as in (30) (indicated by the asterisk).
P on NP D N the moon PPs can be replaced (pronominalized) by then, there, etc, which I have called adverbs above. In this section, it is necessary to jump ahead to Chapters 4, 5, 9 and 10 where functions are discussed. g. N and NP. Depending on where phrases are situated in the tree, they play a particular function, such as subject and object. Functions will not be put in the tree structure because it should be clear from the tree. With respect to PPs, it is not always easy to determine what the role is they play and their function in a sentence is manifold, as we’ll see in Chapter 5.
Another way to shorten the sentence is to use a pronoun, as in (5). This is called pronominalization, and indicates that the phrase is the unpleasant unicorn from Malacandra: 5. It loves dogfood. e. modify it. Thus, in (4), both unpleasant and from Malacandra have no other function in the sentence than to modify the head unicorn. We could represent (4) as (6): NP 6. D the Adj N unpleasant unicorn P N from Malacandra This structure indicates that the NP is composed of ﬁve words, but it does not say whether from is more connected to Malacandra or to unicorn.
An Introduction to the Grammar of English: Syntactic Arguments and Socio-historical Backgrounds by Elly van Gelderen